Tzatziki is a sauce served with grilled meats or as a dip. Tzatziki is made of salted strained yoghurt (usually from sheep or goat milk) or diluted yoghurt mixed with cucumbers, garlic, salt, olive oil, sometimes with vinegar or lemon juice, and some herbs like dill, mint, parsley, thyme etc. It is generally served cold.
- Salt-to taste
- Garlic-1 clove
- Greek yoghurt-1 cup
- Dill-1 tbsp
- Cut cucumber lengthwise and scoop out seeds with a spoon.
- Toss in salt and drain excess water.
- Pat dry the cucumber and mix with greek yoghurt, garlic and dill.
- Season and serve cold.
Borscht is a sour soup popular in several Eastern European cuisines, including Ukrainian, Armenian, Russian, Polish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, Romanian and Ashkenazi Jewish cuisines. The variety most commonly associated with the name in English is of Ukrainian origin and includes beetroots as one of the main ingredients, which gives the dish its distinctive red colour. It shares the name, however, with a wide selection of sour-tasting soups without beetroots, such as sorrel-based green borscht, rye-based white borscht and cabbage borscht.
Borscht derives from an ancient soup originally cooked from pickled stems, leaves and umbels of common hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium), a herbaceous plant growing in damp meadows, which lent the dish its Slavic name. With time, it evolved into a diverse array of tart soups, among which the beet-based red borscht has become the most popular. It is typically made by combining meat or bone stock with sautéed vegetables, which – as well as beetroots – usually include cabbage, carrots, onions, potatoes and tomatoes. Depending on the recipe, borscht may include meat or fish, or be purely vegetarian; it may be served either hot or cold, and it may range from a hearty one-pot meal to a clear broth or a smooth drink. It is often served with smetana or sour cream, hard-boiled eggs or potatoes, but there exists an ample choice of more involved garnishes and side dishes, such as uszka or pampushky, that can be served with the soup.
Its popularity has spread throughout Eastern Europe and the former Russian Empire, and – by way of migration – to other continents. In North America, borscht is often linked with either Jews or Mennonites, the groups who first brought it there from Europe. Today, several ethnic groups claim borscht, in its various local guises, as their own national dish and consume it as part of ritual meals within Eastern Orthodox, Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, and Jewish religious traditions.
- 2 ltr vegetable broth
- 1 tbsp vegetable oil
- 1 onions
- 2 garlic cloves
- 2 turnips
- 2 carrot
- 1/2 white cabbage
- 1 bay leaf
- salt to taste
- ground black pepper to taste
- 500g red beets
- a bunch of dill
- 2-3 tablespoons red wine vinegar
- 25ml sour cream
- 2tbsp butter
- a bunch of parsley
1 tsp sugar
Peel and prepare the vegetables in small dices. Heat a large soup pot over medium heat with the oil and butter.
Add the onions and garlic. Cook, stirring frequently, until the onions are tender and golden, about 5 minutes. Add the beets, turnips, carrot, and cabbage. Cover and cook over low heat, stirring occasionally, until the vegetables are slightly tender, about 8 minutes.
Add the broth and the bay leaf.Season to taste with salt and pepper. Bring the soup to a simmer and cook, partially covered, for 10 minutes before grating the beets directly into the soup.
Simmer, partially covered, until the soup is flavorful and the vegetables are completely tender about 15 minutes.Stir in the dill. Add the red wine vinegar, salt, and pepper to taste.
Garnish the soup with sour cream and serve.
English crumpets are generally circular, roughly 8 centimetres (3 in) in diameter and 2 centimetres (3⁄4 in) thick. Their shape comes from being restrained in the pan/griddle by a shallow ring. They have a characteristic flat top with many small pores and a chewy and spongy texture. They may be cooked until ready to eat warm from the pan but are frequently left slightly undercooked so that they may be cooled and stored before being eaten freshly toasted. They are often eaten with a spread of butter or an alternative, such as jam, honey, chocolate spread, margarine, golden syrup or yeast extract.
A Scottish crumpet is essentially a pancake cooked in a slightly different way, made from the same ingredients as a Scotch pancake, and is about 180 millimetres (7 in) diameter and 8 millimetres (0.3 in) thick. They are available plain, or as a fruit crumpet with raisins baked in, usually fried in a pan and served with a fried breakfast – they are also sometimes served with butter and jam. The ingredients include a leavening agent, usually baking powder, and different proportions of eggs, flour, and milk which create a thin batter. Unlike a pancake, they are cooked to brown on one side only, resulting in a smooth darker side where it has been heated by the griddle, then lightly cooked on the other side which has holes where bubbles have risen to the surface during cooking. It bears little resemblance to the English crumpet.
Flour – 225gms
Atta – 225gms
Salt – 10gms
Milk & Water – 600ml
Oil – 30ml
Sugar – 15gms
Yeast – 15gms
Soda-bi-carb – 2.5gms
Warm Water – 120ml
1) Lightly grease a griddle or a heavy based frying pan and 4×8 plain pastry cutters.
2) Sift the flours and salt together into a large bowl and make a well in the center. Heat the milk & water, mix oil & sugar until lukewarm mix the yeast with 150ml of this liquid.
3) Add the yeast mixture and remaining liquid to the center of the flour and beat vigorously for about 5mins until smooth and elastic. Cover and allow to rise for about 1 ½ hours till the mix is bubbly and about to fall.
4) Dissolve the soda in the lukewarm water and stir into the batter. Re-cover for 30min.
5) Place the cutter on the griddle and warm on a medium heat.
6) Pour the batter into pastry cutter till 1/4th its height.
7) Cook over a gentle heat for 6-7 min. the top should be dry with tiny holes.
8) Serve warm with jam or butter.
Apple cake is a popular dessert produced with the main ingredient of apples. Such a cake is made through the process of slicing this sweet fruit to add fragrance to a plain cake base. Traditional apple cakes go a step further by including various spices such as nutmeg or cinnamon, which give a unique flavour. Upon the addition of spices the batter can also be accompanied by crushed nuts, the most popular being walnuts and almonds.
Dorset apple cake, Devon apple cake and Somerset apple cake are traditional forms of this cake, respectively from Dorset, Devon and Somerset, England. They may include apple juices local to these counties as part of their recipes, but are not necessary.
Apples are also used in other cakes, including chocolate cake, where their water-retention can help a normally-dry cake to stay moist. In this case they may be either dried or fresh.
Cottage loaves are a traditional type of bread originating in England.
A cottage loaf is characterised by its shape, which is essentially that of two round loaves, one on top of the other, with the upper one being rather smaller: the shape is similar to that of the French brioche and the pain chapeau of Finistère.
The origins of the name and shape are unknown but possibly extend back hundreds of years. Elizabeth David, who described the cottage loaf in her English Bread and Yeast Cookery, surmised that the shape may have arisen as a way of saving ‘floor space’ in old-fashioned bread ovens. The name, however, did not first appear in writing until the mid 19th century. It was formerly possible to find an oblong version, known as a “cottage brick”, and common in the London area.
Cottage loaves, while formerly common, are now rarely found in bakeries, as they are relatively time-consuming and difficult to make, and in common with other round loaves are less convenient for slicing.
Baking Temp: 200 degree C Portions: 01 nos
Baking Time: 35-40 minutes
Flour: 150 grams
Yeast: 5 grams
Salt: 5 grams
Water: 100 ml (approx)
1) Make a dough using all the ingredients.
2) Allow to prove.
3) Knock back and divide the dough into 02 unequal portions.
4) Leave to prove.
5) Knock back and round both the dough.
6) Place the smaller round on top of the larger one and make a dent in the smaller round.
7) Snip the sides of both the dough. Dust flour over it and leave to prove on a greased tray.
8) Bake at 200 degree C for 35-40 minutes.